Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) | PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana Registration | Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana Implementation
As we all know that our country is a storehouse of minerals and various schemes have been started by the central government for proper utilization of these minerals. In this direction, recently the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) has been started by the Central Government, through which the work of development and upliftment of the mining area and its residents will be done. Under the PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, the welfare of the areas and people affected by mining related works will be done by the Government of India. Today, through this article, we will tell you about all the necessary information related to PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2023, such as:- Purpose, Benefits, Features, Fund Receiving Area etc. [Also read- PM Kisan Status 2023: pmkisan.gov.in List (11वीं किस्त), Beneficiary Status & e-KYC]
Table of Contents
- 1 Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
- 1.1 Objective of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2023
- 1.2 Implementation of PMKKKY
- 1.3 Guidelines on Use of Funds
- 1.4 Important Downloads
Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
The foundation of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on September 17, 2015, under which the work of advancement of the mining sector and the ST citizens living there is carried out. Most of the Scheduled Tribe citizens in our country live on a large scale in productive mining areas and they are located in the areas covered under the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution. Keeping these things in mind, the Government of India has started Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2023, through which the health, environment and economic condition of the tribals of these areas is protected. Along with this, they are also provided benefits from the mineral resources extracted from the respective areas. [Also read- किसान सम्मान निधि लिस्ट 2023 | pmkisan.gov.in 11th List, PM Kisan Status]
Overview of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
|Scheme Name||Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana|
|Launched By||By Central Government|
|Beneficiaries||Citizens of Mining Areas|
|Objective||To Develop and Uplift the Mining Sector and its Inhabitants|
|Benefits||Advancement of the Mining Sector and the Citizens Living there|
|Category||Central Government Schemes|
Objective of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana 2023
PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana has been started by the Government of India, whose main objective is to develop and uplift the mineral areas and their residents. Mining sector is the only sector in our country that provides maximum employment opportunities after agriculture. Considering this, the Central Government will accelerate the mining sector through this scheme, so that every citizen associated with this sector can become empowered and self-reliant and their standard of living can also improve. Along with this, through this scheme, the health and economic condition of the tribal people of the mining affected areas will be improved and the natural environment will also be protected. [Also read- ceir.gov.in Portal: CEIR Portal Registration Find Block Stolen Lost Mobile]
Implementation of PMKKKY
- The implementation of this scheme will be done by the District Mineral Foundation of the concerned district. In addition, the Mines and Minerals Act 2015 has made it mandatory to establish the foundation of a district mineral in every district of the country, which is used for the work related to mines. has been affected by. Guidelines have been provided by the Central Government to the State Governments under Section 20 of the MMDR Act, 1957, through which guidelines are given for the implementation of PMKKKY and the States have been asked to include them in the rules framed by them for DMF. Order is also provided.
- Apart from this, 60% of the fund will be used for high priority areas like drinking water supply, health care, sanitation, education, skill development, women and child care, welfare of old and disabled people and environment protection. Under this, 40% will be used for physical infrastructure, irrigation, and energy. The government has started this scheme for the development and upliftment of the mining sector and its residents.
District Mineral Fund and Facts
- An amount of 22,859 crores has been deposited in the District Mineral Fund under this scheme, but out of the total amount, only Rs 5,529 crores will be used.
- Funds are also being used by the State Government for other purposes and due to this slow pace of the District Mineral Fund has also arisen.
- Under the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana, it is a trust established under the Mines and Minerals “Development and Regulation” Amendment Act in 2015 as a non-profit body in the district affected by mining operations.
Other Features of Mineral Sector Welfare Scheme
- 5% of the annual amount received by the DMFs that have been created under this scheme, whose maximum limit is fixed by the state government. That amount will be used for the administrative, supervisory and other expenses of the Foundation.
- For the mining areas falling in two districts, it has been announced to issue clear guidelines for operation under this scheme.
- Under this, instructions have been given by the government that each DMF will operate its own website and the data of all its information and details will also be made public through DMF.
- It has also been revealed in the instructions given by the state government that the accounts of all DMFs will be audited every year and these will also be added to the annual report.
Guidelines on Use of Funds
- Drinking water supply – This includes centralized purification systems, water treatment plants, permanent/temporary water distribution networks with standalone facilities for drinking water, laying piped water supply systems, etc.
- Sanitation – Transport and disposal, cleaning of public places, provision of proper drainage and sewage treatment plant, provision for disposal of sewage sludge, collection of waste, provision of toilets and other related activities Etc, works are completed under this.
- Skill Development – Under this, skill development for income generation and economic activities. The projects/schemes also include provision of training, skill development centre, self-employment schemes, assistance to self-help groups and provision of forward and backward linkages for such self-employed economic activities, provision of livelihood support to local eligible persons.
- Welfare of women and children – Under this scheme special programs can be run to solve the problems of malnutrition, infectious diseases, maternal and child health, etc. Welfare of old and disabled people, special for the welfare of old and disabled people. The program will be organized under this scheme.
- Education – Arts & Crafts rooms, toilet blocks, provision of drinking water, residential hostels for students/teachers in remote areas, sports infrastructure, appointment of teachers/other support staff, e-learning system, other arrangement of transport facilities (bus/van/ cycle/rickshaw/etc.) and nutritional, construction of school buildings, additional class rooms, laboratories, libraries, are done under this.
- Health care – The plan should emphasize not only on building health care infrastructure, but also on the provision of necessary staffing, equipment and supplies to make such facilities effective and provide primary, secondary education in the affected areas. The government should also focus on building health care facilities.
- Environmental protection and pollution control measures – measures to control air and dust pollution from mining operations and dumps, mine drainage systems, mine pollution prevention technologies, and measures for working or abandoned mines and environmentally friendly and Prevention of pollution of wastewater treatment plants, rivers, lakes, ponds, groundwater, other water sources in the area, other air, water and surface pollution control mechanisms, necessary for sustainable mine development.
Identification of Affected Areas to be covered under the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
- Directly Affected Areas:- Where direct mining-related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal (overburdened dumps, tailing ponds, transport corridors etc.), etc. are located.
- Villages and gram panchayats within which the mines are situated and are operational. Such mining areas may extend to neighboring villages, blocks or districts of even state.
- An area within such radius from a mine or cluster of mines as may be specified by the State Government, irrespective of whether this falls within the district concerned or adjacent district.
- Villages in which families displaced by mines have resettled/rehabilitated by the project authorities.
- Villages that significantly depend on the mining areas for meeting their economic needs and have usufruct and traditional rights over the project areas, for instance, for grazing, collection of minor forest produce etc. should be considered as directly affected areas.
- Indirectly Affected Areas:- Those areas where the local population is adversely affected on account of economic, social and environmental consequences due to mining-related operations. The major negative impacts of mining could be by way of deterioration of water, soil and air quality, reduction in stream flows and depletion of groundwater, congestion and pollution due to mining operations, transportation of minerals, increased burden on existing infrastructure and resources.
- The DMF shall prepare and maintain an updated list of such directly and indirectly affected areas by mining related operations.
Identification of Affected People to be covered under the PM Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
- Directly Affected People
- ‘Affected family’ as defined under Section 3 (c) of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
- ‘Displaced family’ as defined under Section 3 (k) of the Right to Fair
- Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
- Any other as appropriately identified by the concerned gram sabha.
- Persons affected by mining should include people who have legal and occupational rights over the land being mined, and also those with usufruct and traditional rights
- Affected families should be identified, as far as possible, in consultation with local/elected representatives of gram sabha.
- The DMF shall prepare and maintain an updated list of such affected persons/local communities.